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If your target table is in a file, stored either locally or remotely, the file_tbl() function can make it possible to access it in a single function call. Compatible file types for this function are: CSV (.csv), TSV (.tsv), RDA (.rda), and RDS (.rds) files. This function generates an in-memory tbl_df object, which can be used as a target table for create_agent() and create_informant(). Another great option is supplying a table-prep formula involving file_tbl() to tbl_store() so that you have access to tables based on flat files though single names via a table store.

In the remote data use case, we can specify a URL starting with http://, https://, etc., and ending with the file containing the data table. If data files are available in a GitHub repository then we can use the from_github() function to specify the name and location of the table data in a repository.

Usage

file_tbl(file, type = NULL, ..., keep = FALSE, verify = TRUE)

Arguments

file

The complete file path leading to a compatible data table either in the user system or at a http://, https://, ftp://, or ftps:// URL. For a file hosted in a GitHub repository, a call to the from_github() function can be used here.

type

The file type. This is normally inferred by file extension and is by default NULL to indicate that the extension will dictate the type of file reading that is performed internally. However, if there is no extension (and valid extensions are .csv, .tsv, .rda, and .rds), we can provide the type as either of csv, tsv, rda, or rds.

...

Options passed to readr's read_csv() or read_tsv() function. Both functions have the same arguments and one or the other will be used internally based on the file extension or an explicit value given to type.

keep

In the case of a downloaded file, should it be stored in the working directory (keep = TRUE) or should it be downloaded to a temporary directory? By default, this is FALSE.

verify

If TRUE (the default) then a verification of the data object having the data.frame class will be carried out.

Value

A tbl_df object.

Examples

Producing tables from CSV files

A local CSV file can be obtained as a tbl object by supplying a path to the file and some CSV reading options (the ones used by readr::read_csv()) to the file_tbl() function. For this example we could obtain a path to a CSV file in the pointblank package with system.file().

csv_path <- 
  system.file(
    "data_files", "small_table.csv",
    package = "pointblank"
  )

Then use that path in file_tbl() with the option to specify the column types in that CSV.

tbl <- 
  file_tbl(
    file = csv_path,
    col_types = "TDdcddlc"
  )

tbl

## # A tibble: 13 × 8
##    date_time           date           a b           c      d e     f    
##    <dttm>              <date>     <dbl> <chr>   <dbl>  <dbl> <lgl> <chr>
##  1 2016-01-04 11:00:00 2016-01-04     2 1-bcd-…     3  3423. TRUE  high 
##  2 2016-01-04 00:32:00 2016-01-04     3 5-egh-…     8 10000. TRUE  low  
##  3 2016-01-05 13:32:00 2016-01-05     6 8-kdg-…     3  2343. TRUE  high 
##  4 2016-01-06 17:23:00 2016-01-06     2 5-jdo-…    NA  3892. FALSE mid  
##  5 2016-01-09 12:36:00 2016-01-09     8 3-ldm-…     7   284. TRUE  low  
##  6 2016-01-11 06:15:00 2016-01-11     4 2-dhe-…     4  3291. TRUE  mid  
##  7 2016-01-15 18:46:00 2016-01-15     7 1-knw-…     3   843. TRUE  high 
##  8 2016-01-17 11:27:00 2016-01-17     4 5-boe-…     2  1036. FALSE low  
##  9 2016-01-20 04:30:00 2016-01-20     3 5-bce-…     9   838. FALSE high 
## 10 2016-01-20 04:30:00 2016-01-20     3 5-bce-…     9   838. FALSE high 
## 11 2016-01-26 20:07:00 2016-01-26     4 2-dmx-…     7   834. TRUE  low  
## 12 2016-01-28 02:51:00 2016-01-28     2 7-dmx-…     8   108. FALSE low  
## 13 2016-01-30 11:23:00 2016-01-30     1 3-dka-…    NA  2230. TRUE  high

Now that we have a `tbl` object that is a tibble it could be introduced to create_agent() for validation.

agent <- create_agent(tbl = tbl)

A different strategy is to provide the data-reading function call directly to create_agent():

agent <- 
  create_agent(
    tbl = ~ file_tbl(
      file = system.file(
        "data_files", "small_table.csv",
        package = "pointblank"
      ),
      col_types = "TDdcddlc"
    )
  ) %>%
  col_vals_gt(columns = vars(a), value = 0)

All of the file-reading instructions are encapsulated in the tbl expression (with the leading ~) so the agent will always obtain the most recent version of the table (and the logic can be translated to YAML, for later use).

Producing tables from files on GitHub

A CSV can be obtained from a public GitHub repo by using the from_github() helper function. Let's create an agent a supply a table-prep formula that gets the same CSV file from the GitHub repository for the pointblank package.

agent <- 
  create_agent(
    tbl = ~ file_tbl(
      file = from_github(
        file = "inst/data_files/small_table.csv",
        repo = "rich-iannone/pointblank"
      ),
      col_types = "TDdcddlc"
    ),
    tbl_name = "small_table",
    label = "`file_tbl()` example.",
  ) %>%
  col_vals_gt(columns = vars(a), value = 0) %>%
  interrogate()

agent

This interrogated the data that was obtained from the remote source file, and, there's nothing to clean up (by default, the downloaded file goes into a system temp directory).

File access, table creation, and prep via the table store

Using table-prep formulas in a centralized table store can make it easier to work with tables from disparate sources. Here's how to generate a table store with two named entries for table preparations involving the tbl_store() and file_tbl() functions.

store <-
  tbl_store(
    small_table_file ~ file_tbl(
      file = system.file(
        "data_files", "small_table.csv",
        package = "pointblank"
      ),
      col_types = "TDdcddlc"
    ),
    small_high_file ~ {{ small_table_file }} %>%
      dplyr::filter(f == "high")
  )

Now it's easy to access either of these tables via tbl_get(). We can reference the table in the store by its name (given to the left of the ~).

tbl_get(tbl = "small_table_file", store = store)

## # A tibble: 13 × 8
##    date_time           date           a b           c      d e     f    
##    <dttm>              <date>     <dbl> <chr>   <dbl>  <dbl> <lgl> <chr>
##  1 2016-01-04 11:00:00 2016-01-04     2 1-bcd-…     3  3423. TRUE  high 
##  2 2016-01-04 00:32:00 2016-01-04     3 5-egh-…     8 10000. TRUE  low  
##  3 2016-01-05 13:32:00 2016-01-05     6 8-kdg-…     3  2343. TRUE  high 
##  4 2016-01-06 17:23:00 2016-01-06     2 5-jdo-…    NA  3892. FALSE mid  
##  5 2016-01-09 12:36:00 2016-01-09     8 3-ldm-…     7   284. TRUE  low  
##  6 2016-01-11 06:15:00 2016-01-11     4 2-dhe-…     4  3291. TRUE  mid  
##  7 2016-01-15 18:46:00 2016-01-15     7 1-knw-…     3   843. TRUE  high 
##  8 2016-01-17 11:27:00 2016-01-17     4 5-boe-…     2  1036. FALSE low  
##  9 2016-01-20 04:30:00 2016-01-20     3 5-bce-…     9   838. FALSE high 
## 10 2016-01-20 04:30:00 2016-01-20     3 5-bce-…     9   838. FALSE high 
## 11 2016-01-26 20:07:00 2016-01-26     4 2-dmx-…     7   834. TRUE  low  
## 12 2016-01-28 02:51:00 2016-01-28     2 7-dmx-…     8   108. FALSE low  
## 13 2016-01-30 11:23:00 2016-01-30     1 3-dka-…    NA  2230. TRUE  high

The second table in the table store is a mutated version of the first. It's just as easily obtainable via tbl_get():

tbl_get(tbl = "small_high_file", store = store)

## # A tibble: 6 × 8
##   date_time           date           a b             c     d e     f    
##   <dttm>              <date>     <dbl> <chr>     <dbl> <dbl> <lgl> <chr>
## 1 2016-01-04 11:00:00 2016-01-04     2 1-bcd-345     3 3423. TRUE  high 
## 2 2016-01-05 13:32:00 2016-01-05     6 8-kdg-938     3 2343. TRUE  high 
## 3 2016-01-15 18:46:00 2016-01-15     7 1-knw-093     3  843. TRUE  high 
## 4 2016-01-20 04:30:00 2016-01-20     3 5-bce-642     9  838. FALSE high 
## 5 2016-01-20 04:30:00 2016-01-20     3 5-bce-642     9  838. FALSE high 
## 6 2016-01-30 11:23:00 2016-01-30     1 3-dka-303    NA 2230. TRUE  high

The table-prep formulas in the store object could also be used in functions with a tbl argument (like create_agent() and create_informant()). This is accomplished most easily with the tbl_source() function.

agent <- 
  create_agent(
    tbl = ~ tbl_source(
      tbl = "small_table_file",
      store = store
    )
  )

informant <- 
  create_informant(
    tbl = ~ tbl_source(
      tbl = "small_high_file",
      store = store
    )
  )

Function ID

1-7

See also